Topic 1. Interpersonal relationships

Purpose: Students to acquire basic information about the concepts of personality, relationships and interpersonal relationships.

Expected results: To improve the quality of communication in the classroom.

Supporting information: Interpersonal relationships are communication, friendship, closeness, connection between two or more people, which can be temporary or long-lasting. This closeness and friendship can be based on love, solidarity and support or some other type of social bond. Interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of social, cultural and other influences. The context can range from family, kinship ties, friendship, marriage, other emotional relationships, work, study, clubs, neighborhood and groups or places of entertainment.

Each person is a person, and interpersonal relations between people appear when persons begin to communicate with each other. Communication among all of you is important not only for the group and your class, but also for society, as the habits of proper, careful and kind communication will benefit you in both your professional and personal life.

Interaction, communication between people unfolds from the so-called defense mechanisms. This is mainly due to the fact that a person wants to evaluate himself in a positive way and the process of interactions with others always determines self-evaluation. Self-esteem is the result of improving a person's ability to relate objective reality to subjective reality (his inner world). It is associated with a person's evaluations of himself and his place among others ('How do I evaluate myself?', How do I think others evaluate me?').

Sometimes a person looks for options for protection, such as:

  1. Denies memories, past actions, i.e. everything that can cause anxiety, unpleasant feelings. In denial, the one who uses it falls into almost involuntary memory loss. This is self-deception.
  2. Masking – the true (real) motives of behavior are masked and replaced by others. In this situation, a person believes in himself.
  3. Rationalization - in it there is no rational action, and a person deceives himself that he is acting rationally. With him, the person who imitates does not just copy the model, but becomes a lich in his imaginationността, която моделира. Защитен механизъм е, защото идентификацията се появява, когато човек не може да приеме собствената си личност;
  4. The identification. Ultimately, as a result of this process, the person reaches an identity.

    Identity - this issue is important not only in social terms, but also in personal terms. To build an identity, a social matrix is ​​needed, which is built through symbols. When a community decides that something is not allowed, that a need should not be met, people suppress the impulse to avoid, for example, a sanction.
  5. Compensation – not all people are equally capable. In order to be experienced as successful, one tries to compensate for one's shortcomings by making efforts in other areas or precisely in that area in which one is weak.

Conclusion: Defense mechanisms are implemented to preserve the personality. There is another point. The implementation of defense mechanisms protects us from internal conflict, but it does not protect us from conflict with others.


Methods for assessing the importance of interpersonal relationships:

1. On a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 is 'not at all' and 10 is 'extremely important,' how important do you think it is to develop your interpersonal relationships in the classroom, where do you think you stand?

Rock 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

2. How confident do you think that if you decide to develop your interpersonal relationships in the classroom, you could do so? On a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 means "not at all" and 10 means "extremely important", where do you think you are?

Rock 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Interpersonal Relations Test

You can test your social networking and communication skills. Check if the marked is correct.

1. Assertiveness is a social skill to: (1 point)

     a) You reject the other's opinion

     b) You stand up for your opinion, respecting the rights of others

     c) You accept the opinion of the other

     d) To fight for your point of view

2. The ability to put yourself in the other person's place is denoted as: (1 point)

     a) Responsiveness

     b) Benevolence

     в) Empathy

     d) Assistance

3. The formal group is based on: (1 point)

     a) The performance of a task

     b) Sympathy and antipathy

     c) Spheres of influence

     d) Interdependence

4. Code words have the following meanings: (1 point)
     a) Emotional and rational

     b) Denotative and connotative

     c) Unambiguous and ambiguous

     d) Total and single

5. To judge the personal qualities of others by their appearance is …… (1 point)
     a) Prejudice

     b) Stereotyping

     c) Empathy

     d) Assertiveness

6. A reference group is one with which a person: (1 point)

     a) educates

     b) identify

     c) benefit

     d) specify

7. Social skills are defined as skills for: (1 point)

     a) Writing texts

     b) Communicating, influencing and interacting with others

     c) Presentation of information about people

     d) Persuading people

8. Choose one of the words and complete the sentence correctly: When I accept a belief without questioning it or checking it, this is called: (1 item)

     a) intuition

     b) prejudice

     c) stupidity

     d) natural behavior

9. Communication is a social skill that consists of: (1 item) 

     a) Interaction and mutual influence
     b) Mutual perception and understanding
     c) Exchange of information
     d) All of the above

10. What kind of group is the student class? (1 item)
Answer: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..


11. In which of the cases is a code indicated that is not used in non-verbal communication? (1 item)

     a) Gestures
     b) View
     c) Words
     d) Personal space

12. The ability to show ourselves as we really are is called: (1 point)

     a) Assertiveness
     b) Empathy
     c) Authenticity
     d) Intelligence

13. Eye contact during direct communication refers to: (1 item)

     a) Verbal communication

     b) Non-verbal communication

     c) Conflict communication

      d) Business communication

14. The social role can be defined as: (1 item)

     a) The behavior that the group expects and requires from each member according to his group status

      b) The behavior that one judges that one should have

      c) Position that the individual occupies in relation to the other members of the group

      d) The claims of the person against the other members in the group

15. A person who can unite the members of the group and lead them is called: (1 item)

     a) Manager
     b) Responsible
     c) Leader
     g) Organizer

16. What types of groups exist according to their mode of origin? (1 item)

     a) large, medium and small
     b) reference group
     c) contact and official
     d) formal and informal

17. The term proxemics in social psychology refers to: (1 point)

     a) rate of speaking
     b) facial expressions and gestures
     c) the spatial characteristics of communication
     d) the range of the voice

18. Communication in the informal group is characterized by: (1 item)

      a) rejection of society
      b) gradation of social positions
      c) emotional attachment and sympathy
      d) formally electing a leader

19. Stereotypes can be: (1 point)

    a) Racial
    b) Sexes
    c) Ethnic
    d) All of the above

20. In order to more effectively achieve common goals, people should unite in: (1 point)

     a) group
     b) crew
     c) unification
     d) public organization


Total: 20 points. Low grade – 0 to 6 points; Medium grade – 7 to 13 points; High degree – 14 to 20 points.

Answers: 1b, 2c, 3a, 4b, 5b, 6b, 7b, 8a, 9d, 11d, 12c, 13b, 14a, 15c, 16d, 17c, 18c, 19d, 20d

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The project is funded by the European Union through the Cross-border Cooperation Program Interreg-IPA Bulgaria-Serbia 2014 - 2020.

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